Urinary incontinence simply means leaking urine. Incontinence can range from leaking just a few drops of urine to complete emptying of the bladder.
It is common for other symptoms to occur along with urinary incontinence:
- Urgency — Having a strong urge to urinate
- Frequency — Urinating (also called voiding) more often than what is usual for you
- Nocturia — Waking from sleep to urinate
- Dysuria — Painful urination
- Nocturnal enuresis — Leaking urine while sleeping
Some of the causes of urinary incontinence include the following:
- Urinary tract infection (UTI) — UTIs sometimes cause leakage and are treated with antibiotics.
- Diuretic medications, caffeine, or alcohol — Incontinence may be a side effect of substances that cause your body to make more urine.
- Pelvic floor disorders — These disorders are caused by weakening of the muscles and tissues of the pelvic floor and include urinary incontinence, accidental bowel leakage, and pelvic organ prolapse.
- Constipation — Long-term constipation often is present in women with urinary incontinence, especially in older women.
- Neuromuscular problems — When nerve (neurologic) signals from the brain to the bladder and urethra are disrupted, the muscles that control those organs can malfunction, allowing urine to leak.
- Anatomical problems — The outlet of the bladder into the urethra can become blocked by bladder stones or other growths.
This information was provided by the American College of Obstetricians. For more information on urinary incontinence click HERE.
Sandpoint Women's Health treats bladder problems and urinary incontinence.
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